The latest digest in the Legal and Enforcement community covers the first case where the High Court has considered the use of Community Protection Notices (CPNs) under Section 43 of the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act of 2014. Community moderator, Tim Everett identifies two key principles:
- It is not necessary to prove a CPN was valid in prosecuting for a breach of one of its terms. Any such challenge should be raised on appeal when it is served.
- The issuing authority has an implied power to vary or discharge a CPN on an application from the recipient.
In deciding this case, the Court set out how authorities should use these implied powers, reaffirmed that CPNs should be time-limited and any terms attached to them should be proportionate.
The District Judge found the offence proved but she was asked to allow an appeal on a point of law to the High Court. Three questions were posed:
- Did she have to be satisfied as to the legality or reasonableness of the CPN?
- Did a CPN have the same standing as an order of the court until varied or set aside?
- Did the prosecution have to prove the issue of the CPN was justified?
In considering these questions, the High Court decided that:
- No, the Magistrates’ Court did not have to satisfy itself as to the validity of the CPN.
- Yes, the CPN did have the same standing as a court order in that it remains valid and must be complied with until varied or discharged.
- No, the prosecution did not have to call evidence as to the service of the CPN on a charge relating to its breach.
To read the full digest, click here.